Difference between sizeof(char) and sizeof(char *)

char is a character and sizeof(char) is defined to be 1. (N1570 The sizeof and _Alignof operators, paragraph 4)

char* is a pointer to a character and sizeof(char*) depends on the environment. It is typically 4 in 32-bit environment and 8 in 64-bit environment.

In typical environment where sizeof(char*) > sizeof(char)malloc(sizeof(char*)*len + 1) will (at least try to) allocate more memory than malloc(sizeof(char)*len + 1) if len is small enough not to cause integer overflow.

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