## What does operator “dot” (.) mean?

The dot itself is not an operator, .^ is. The .^ is a pointwise¹ (i.e. element-wise) power, as .* is the pointwise product. .^ Array power. A.^B is the matrix with elements A(i,j) to the B(i,j) power. The sizes of A and B must be the same or be compatible. C.f. “Array vs. Matrix Operations”: …