Understanding the React Hooks ‘exhaustive-deps’ lint rule

The reason the linter rule wants onChange to go into the useEffect hook is because it’s possible for onChange to change between renders, and the lint rule is intended to prevent that sort of “stale data” reference.

For example:

const MyParentComponent = () => {
    const onChange = (value) => { console.log(value); }

    return <MyCustomComponent onChange={onChange} />

Every single render of MyParentComponent will pass a different onChange function to MyCustomComponent.

In your specific case, you probably don’t care: you only want to call onChange when the value changes, not when the onChange function changes. However, that’s not clear from how you’re using useEffect.

The root here is that your useEffect is somewhat unidiomatic.

useEffect is best used for side-effects, but here you’re using it as a sort of “subscription” concept, like: “do X when Y changes”. That does sort of work functionally, due to the mechanics of the deps array, (though in this case you’re also calling onChange on initial render, which is probably unwanted), but it’s not the intended purpose.

Calling onChange really isn’t a side-effect here, it’s just an effect of triggering the onChange event for <input>. So I do think your second version that calls both onChange and setValue together is more idiomatic.

If there were other ways of setting the value (e.g. a clear button), constantly having to remember to call onChange might be tedious, so I might write this as:

const MyCustomComponent = ({onChange}) => {
    const [value, _setValue] = useState('');

    // Always call onChange when we set the new value
    const setValue = (newVal) => {

    return (
        <input value={value} type='text' onChange={e => setValue(e.target.value)}></input>
        <button onClick={() => setValue("")}>Clear</button>

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