How can publish my bootstrap created table ( huge amount of data) on my word-press theme?

If you want to add custom html code into your wordpress site probably the best approach is a custom template :
Add the following to a new .php file into your template folder with this :

<?php /* Template Name: My Template */ ?>

Paste you custom html after it.

Then open WP admin and create a new Page.

Select My Template from the template setting

Save and view