append multiple values for one key in a dictionary [duplicate]

If I can rephrase your question, what you want is a dictionary with the years as keys and an array for each year containing a list of values associated with that year, right? Here’s how I’d do it:

years_dict = dict()

for line in list:
    if line[0] in years_dict:
        # append the new number to the existing array at this slot
        # create a new array in this slot
        years_dict[line[0]] = [line[1]]

What you should end up with in years_dict is a dictionary that looks like the following:

    "2010": [2],
    "2009": [4,7],
    "1989": [8]

In general, it’s poor programming practice to create “parallel arrays”, where items are implicitly associated with each other by having the same index rather than being proper children of a container that encompasses them both.

Leave a Comment