“Multiple definition”, “first defined here” errors

The problem here is that you are including commands.c in commands.h before the function prototype. Therefore, the C pre-processor inserts the content of commands.c into commands.h before the function prototype. commands.c contains the function definition. As a result, the function definition ends up before than the function declaration causing the error.

The content of commands.h after the pre-processor phase looks like this:

#ifndef COMMANDS_H_
#define COMMANDS_H_

// function definition
void f123(){


// function declaration
void f123();

#endif /* COMMANDS_H_ */

This is an error because you can’t declare a function after its definition in C. If you swapped #include "commands.c" and the function declaration the error shouldn’t happen because, now, the function prototype comes before the function declaration.

However, including a .c file is a bad practice and should be avoided. A better solution for this problem would be to include commands.h in commands.c and link the compiled version of command to the main file. For example:


#ifndef COMMANDS_H_
#define COMMANDS_H_

void f123(); // function declaration



#include "commands.h"

void f123(){} // function definition

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