Passing Arrays to Function in C++

The syntaxes



int[X] // Where X is a compile-time positive integer

are exactly the same as


when in a function parameter list (I left out the optional names).

Additionally, an array name decays to a pointer to the first element when passed to a function (and not passed by reference) so both int firstarray[3] and int secondarray[5] decay to int*s.

It also happens that both an array dereference and a pointer dereference with subscript syntax (subscript syntax is x[y]) yield an lvalue to the same element when you use the same index.

These three rules combine to make the code legal and work how you expect; it just passes pointers to the function, along with the length of the arrays which you cannot know after the arrays decay to pointers.

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