Ruby: kind_of? vs. instance_of? vs. is_a?

kind_of? and is_a? are synonymous. instance_of? is different from the other two in that it only returns true if the object is an instance of that exact class, not a subclass. Example: “hello”.is_a? Object and “hello”.kind_of? Object return true because “hello” is a String and String is a subclass of Object. However “hello”.instance_of? Object returns …

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