Check if input is integer type in C

num will always contain an integer because it’s an int. The real problem with your code is that you don’t check the scanf return value. scanf returns the number of successfully read items, so in this case it must return 1 for valid values. If not, an invalid integer value was entered and the num variable did probably not get changed (i.e. still has an arbitrary value because you didn’t initialize it).

As of your comment, you only want to allow the user to enter an integer followed by the enter key. Unfortunately, this can’t be simply achieved by scanf("%d\n"), but here’s a trick to do it:

int num;
char term;
if(scanf("%d%c", &num, &term) != 2 || term != '\n')
    printf("valid integer followed by enter key\n");

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