If you aren’t totally sure what you mean by “uncommit” and don’t know if you want to use
git reset, please see “Revert to a previous Git commit”.
If you’re trying to understand
git reset better, please see “Can you explain what “git reset” does in plain English?”.
If you know you want to use
git reset, it still depends what you mean by “uncommit”. If all you want to do is undo the act of committing, leaving everything else intact, use:
git reset --soft HEAD^
If you want to undo the act of committing and everything you’d staged, but leave the work tree (your files) intact:
git reset HEAD^
And if you actually want to completely undo it, throwing away all uncommitted changes, resetting everything to the previous commit (as the original question asked):
git reset --hard HEAD^
The original question also asked it’s
HEAD refers to the current commit – generally, the tip of the currently checked-out branch. The
^ is a notation which can be attached to any commit specifier, and means “the commit before”. So,
HEAD^ is the commit before the current one, just as
master^ is the commit before the tip of the master branch.
Here’s the portion of the git-rev-parse documentation describing all of the ways to specify commits (
^ is just a basic one among many).