cmp arg2, arg1 performs the same operation as
sub arg2, arg1 except that none of the operands are modified. The difference is not stored anywhere.
However, the flags register is updated and can be used in a conditional jump, like jump-if-equal (
JE), most often as the next instruction after the
The advantage over other instructions is that you can compare two values without destroying any of them. If you did
sub arg2, arg1 and they happen to be equal, one of them would be zero afterwards. With
cmp they are both still there.