How to define a two-dimensional array?

You’re technically trying to index an uninitialized array. You have to first initialize the outer list with lists before adding items; Python calls this “list comprehension”.

# Creates a list containing 5 lists, each of 8 items, all set to 0
w, h = 8, 5
Matrix = [[0 for x in range(w)] for y in range(h)] 

#You can now add items to the list:

Matrix[0][0] = 1
Matrix[6][0] = 3 # error! range... 
Matrix[0][6] = 3 # valid

Note that the matrix is “y” address major, in other words, the “y index” comes before the “x index”.

print Matrix[0][0] # prints 1
x, y = 0, 6 
print Matrix[x][y] # prints 3; be careful with indexing! 

Although you can name them as you wish, I look at it this way to avoid some confusion that could arise with the indexing, if you use “x” for both the inner and outer lists, and want a non-square Matrix.

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